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tv   Sanjay Gupta MD  CNN  September 4, 2010 7:30am-8:00am EDT

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accused of sexual assault but no charges ever filed. still, he was accused of violating the league's conduct policy. so again, he is down to four games spension instead of six. one more story here. atf has determined a fire at a tennessee mosque construction site was, in fact, arson. that investigation now continues. that mosque, that construction site, had been a place that has come under so much controversy because people were opposing the building of that mosque. i'll be back here with you at the top of the hour with more live news. right now i'm going to hand it over to sanjay gupta, m.d. >> -- remain displaced more than a month into this flooding. they auk about 17 million people being displaced an people are getting sick in hospitals as well. we're going to look at the journey of people who live like this and then get sick.
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we're also going to tuck about something critically important, aid, basic aid, food, water, medical supplies. how does it reach the people who need it the most? and finally, there is some hope out there. people who have dreams and aspirations who want to make something of themselves, even using tents like this to start an education. let's get started. we've seen a lot of hopeful things here in pakistan over the last week. people trying to get themselves out of terrible situations. we've also seen what happens when people become desperate, when the supplies just aren't coming in fast enough. and sometimes it can be very heartbreaking. take a look. ever wonder what desperation looks like? this is it. the police are coming in to basically break up this demonstration. what happened here was, locals basically set up a roadblock
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right over here. as soon as an aid truck would come in, they would basically storm that aid truck and try and steal as many supplies as they could. they're desperate. they're quick to tell you about it. it wasn't so much anger as it was bitter frustration and hopelessness. thousands of displaced people being forgotten and ignored. here's how it's supposed to work. a much more organized camp, for example. a family over here, they have mats, they have tents that can withstand a lot of the rain that's coming. if you look inside this tent over here you see water drugs, cooking oil, cooking utensils. the problem is, you won't find many camps like this one. most look like this. thousands of families, low on tents, low on food, thick with desperation. one of the really decisions here is that there's no mechanism of distributing the aid. it's just awful to think about and as people describe it to us, it's just really embarrassing to be treated like animals.
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where is all the aid going? we see trucks with aid in it. it doesn't seem to be getting to people who need it the most. so we followed this aid truck from a distance. first sign of hope these people felt in weeks. but what was about to happen was outrageous. first, government rangers with big sticks organized. women and children here, men over there. all of them waiting in the hot sun. this is hard to believe. these people have been waiting now for some time for food. women and children over here. men over here. the truck was there with aid in it. pulled into the gas station. . now they're just leaving. there was no explanation for this. the more importantly, all these people still hungry, still thirsty. this is incredibly heartbreaking. people are waiting for quite a while for that truck, thinking they were going to get aid. and they received nothing. commander has the impossible task of trying to feed 20 million people. have you been out to some of these camps outside of here and talked to the people?
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have you actually heard from them? because i hear what you're saying, but when i talk to them, i hear something entirely else. >> people are desperate. but there are also people who have been -- i believe that most of them are being fed regularly. >> reporter: but i saw a different story in the dozen refugee camps i visited. there are no regular meals here. desperation mounts. it's going on again. people basically just going in trying to get whatever they can get. i just want to give you a quick idea of what can happen to some of the most precious commodities needed when something like this happens. i mean, it was just a riot out here. needed medicine, antibiotics, end up on the ground shattered. desperation has its consequences. in this case no, one benefited. just so hard to see so many of those supplies smashed there on the ground. obviously a lot of people need things like that more than ever. you know, we showed you a town
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last week, a town that was on the brink of flooding. i have to be honest. i was a bit skeptical when people told me the flood waters were coming. they told me this entire town would be flooded over the next several hours. take a look at these images. the images are the exact same town, now completely covered by warter. you have to get there by boat. the water comes fast, furious. think about the river and all the force sweeping away so many towns. it is still happening now. when you look at that water, as a doctor, oftentimes i think of the potential disease it can cause. people being forced to drink that water, millions of them. it's killer water. i want to take a look at the impact on human bodies. stay with us. [ female announcer ] you use the healing power of touch every day.
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people wonder just how bad is the flooding, especially here in southern pakistan. take a look at the map here. this is the river over here. that's how wide it should be. and right now it's about this wide instead. water just in all those areas that should be dry land. want a better idea? we're on a boat. take a look out here. as far as the eye can see, this is just water, power lines in the middle of it. all of this should be dry land. all of that water, of course people trying to leave those areas and come to higher ground like this. we are in near karachi, pakistan, in the middle of a refugee camp. a lot of people have made this their home. they've been here for days and weeks and they're going to be here for days and weeks to come. you know, all of that water you see out there can cause all sorts of disease. people worry about this every time there's a natural disaster. i can tell you in pakistan this second wave of infectious disease, it's already started.
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take a look. ali is now giving something millions across pakistan cannot, medical care. it's amazing because up until a couple of days ago, his life looked like this. then he got sick, very sick. a parents' love for their son took over. knowing he would die, they took a gamble. left everything they had behind and just started moving, somewhere, anywhere. we've probably never seen a line like this before but this is a line for people waiting to get into the hospital. you see garbage all around the place. they stay here all day long, waiting. a lot of people have infectious diseases that are so sick with drinking contaminated water. it's what we've been talking at. this is a diarrheal treatment center, specialically for children. he finally made it inside. your town is completely covered in water.
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he's been sick for some time. he's saying he was sick even before the flood and became much worse during the flooding. 3 years old, weighs just ten pounds. he's so small. for comparison i have a 3-year-old daughter who is closer to 30 pounds. fiaz is so pfragile. they have weaker immune systems. easily dehydrated. like many people around the country, he didn't have a choice when he got thirsty. killer water, or none at all. imagine drinking that. i've covered so many natural disasters. there's always fear of a second wave of disease. but access to clean water helped control that risk after the haiti quake. in pakistan, though, the second wave, it's already here. it's so hard to see these little kids so sick on these dusty, dirty tables.
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ivs hanging. it's so small. all you see is her little foot hanging out with an iv again. and another child here. these children are sick. this is a diarrheal treatment center to take care of them. some of these children have come from a flood. some of them are just citizens of pakistan dealing with these issues on a pretty regular basis. killer water, just consider the impact. already a million people with crippling diarrhea and respiratory infections. malaria, 65,000 cases. the world health organization projecting hundreds of thousands of patients with cholera, dysentery and typhoid. pakistan could literally be held hostage by killer water. and all of this disproportionately affecting pakistan's next generation, like little 3-year-old fiaz. check little things to see how dehydrated they are. push on the tips of the fingers and the flood doesn't really come back very quickly.
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so dehydrated. very weak pulse as well. his poor little mouth is so dry. but he's in the right place. he's one of the lucky ones. you know, so many of you have been writing in asking how you can help. i can tell you the solutions are actually pretty simple. that's the good news. giving people iv fluid, giving them supportive care to boost their immune systems and making sure they can bet antibiotics if necessary. this whole idea of purifying water, taking that bad water and making it good? that's something we investigated as well.
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we are back with "sgmd." i can tell you having covered a lot of natural disasters like this, if you can get clean water you can solve so many problems. we wanted to show you, we think it's important to show you just how easily this can be done. this is a doctor from the cdc. take a look. >> to treat water, it isn't safe to drink, it's as simple as adding a tablet to the water vessel. each of these tablets is enough to treat 20 liters of drinking water and costs just pennies. it will dissolve on its own and
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the chlorine, you know, in the water solution will just spread around. another way to treat water that looks clean but may not be safe to drink is to add liquid chlorine into the water. this product can be purchased in countries where people don't have access to safe water. a full bottle is enough to treat water for a family of five people every day for a whole month. and all they need to do is pour one capful into the water. if you're in a disaster and you can't find a clean source of water, all you can find is muddy water like this water, there's a great method that will help coagulate and settle out the dirt and the mud in the water
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and make it look cleaner and will also chlorinate and disinfect all the microorganisms. to do that you need a combined chloination in this sachet. it will add ten liters of water. add a little bit of the powder to this two-liter beaker. and then we're going to stir. all of the organic matter is beginning to clump together and settle down to the bottom of the container. you want to be able to decant the clear water off of the top into a safe storage container. that will capture the sediment but allow the water to go through. at the bottom of the mixing
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container, all the sediment, the organic matter that is coagulated has settled to the bottom and it's now removed from the drinking water. after waiting 30 minutes for the chlorine to take full effect, it's safe to pour the treated water from the storage container into a glass in a cup. i hope you can see the difference. >> we showed you that for a couple of reasons. one is that it's really all about clean water. it's about turn that bad water into good water. we also wanted to show you how easily it can be done. sometimes it requires systems of purification, sometimes it can be as easy as tablets. so many of you have been asking about this particular issue, hundreds of you on twitter and on the e-mails. getting water purification tablets, for example, using things lirks life straws which can purify water as well. it's too cumbersome many times to bring bottled water into camps like this. using simple technologies easily
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accessible, cheap, can be distributed in a place like this. that's really the key. so as you think about how to give, you think about how to help, think about that clean water and think about some of those solutions. find out much more as well at lots of relief organizations listed there. look at them. read about them. pick one that you may want to help. there is a lot of hope out here. we don't want you feeling that there's no hope, it's all desperation. a lot of people do have dreams, they have aspirations and they have hopes. you're going to meet some of them after the break. ♪ ♪ [ male announcer ] ever have morning pain slow you down? ♪ introducing bayer am, an extra strength pain reliever with alertness aid, specially formulated to fight morning pain and fatigue.
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we're back with the program. you know, having covered a lot of stories like this when you're walking through a camp for internally displaced people like this one, sometimes every now and then you get surprised. that happened to me today. i was walking through this tent. and i came upon this tent and all these kids were inside doing their homework. in the midst of everything going on around them, in the midst of a fight for basic supplies they want to continue to study, they want to continue to educate themselves. they have grand dreams and aspirations, which they told me about. take a look. here in pakistan there are fields of dreams. they look like this, mixed with
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pain and poverty. but spend some time here and look closer. this is something maybe you wouldn't expect to see. we're in this tent. all the kids in this particular tent are doing their homework. this is rahsha, 8 years old. she's trying to do her schoolwork, she's telling me. she tells me she wants to be a doctor. people here have dreams, just like ramsha and a lot of other kids with her. they had a real house once, they tell me. it's now covered with water. she had her friends, she went to school. and, yes, she had dreams. it's ra msha's story. it may not be much different than yours, starting with the neighborhoods they were forced to leave. looking at all the images you may think that people effected with this mud only liftd in little grass huts. not true. real neighborhoods effected by this flood as well. homes and all these people had to flee, also.
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and she ended up here, no idea how long she will stay, so she does her homework. and her parents' mission, establish some sort of normalcy for their kids, a routine for rashma rooted in religion. looking at aid being distributed here. this is rice with some potatoes and chick peace. they put that in big buckets and distribute it to the tentsz. one thing that may surprise you a little bit, they wait until the sun goes down. it is ramadan. even in a camp like this, they abide by those rules, no food in between. >> reporter: rashma and others in this camp are surprised when i report about the flood waters starting to recede. surprised because just this week another million people in southern pakistan became displaced. fleeing waters on the rise. she said she knows some english and she wanted to try that out with me as well. so what is your name? >> my name is --
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>> okay. >> and you're answering for her. what is your name? >> my name is ramsha. >> very good. very good. nothing can change this reality. more than a dozen awful deaths over the past week here, and people who have lost everything simply trying to survive. but that's the thing about hopes and dreams. they are spread equally throughout the world, and no one can take them away from you. she said she really likes to go to school, and she says she's studying really hard to be a doctor. >> yes. >> yes. do you think you can do it? >> i don't know. >> you can do it. just a small example of what i think is happening in lots of camps like this all over the country. again, there's a lot of details we've been sharing at how bad things are but there are incredible stories like this one as well. we'll be right back after the
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we're back with the program "sgmd." this is a refugee camp in pakistan. if you spend a lot of time here, you remember what a young country pakistan is and how many kids in particular have been effected by this earthquake. there are kids just about everywhere you look. about 8 million of them specifically have been effected. several million of them don't have any access to clean water like we've been talking about all show long. there's also pregnant women, about a million of them, also impacted by this flood. 500,000 of them are due to give birth within the next several months. this has been a flood that has effected a generation. one thing that we've seen, we've seen that it's a terrible problem, it's also a fixable one. i hope you have seen some of those solutions emerge today. i'm dr. sanjay gupta. if you want


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